If you are like most people, you are in contact with a number of people each day, either in your workplace, school, university, Starbucks, or neighborhood, and you find yourself engaged in conversation on various levels. Usually the conversations are somewhat superficial, a bit about the weather, how the local sports teams fared last night, your plans for the weekend, etc., and of course there is nothing wrong in engaging in casual conversation as this is often what friends and colleagues do. However, if ‘casual’ is all there is to your conversations, then something is amiss, and that is this—you, as a Spirit filled Christian are not like most people, because unlike a person who doesn’t yet know the Lord and are yet to be filled with His Holy Spirit, you do know the Lord and are filled with His Spirit, and as such, you have “received power after the Holy Spirit has come upon you, and you will (are to be) my witnesses…to the end of the earth.” (Acts 1:8 ESV). (If you have not experienced the baptism of the Holy Spirit, please read Luke 11:13 and ask God to fill you with the Holy Spirit today.) And because you are different, in the sense that you are born again by the Spirit of God, (John 3) that sets you apart in a way that is unique within your surroundings.
Let’s take a brief sampling of Jesus’ exposition on the relationship that his disciple is to have with the society or culture in which they reside. Remember, no person is an island, or ostrich for that matter. Now, taking the ‘ostrich’ as our example, let’s ask the question, ‘is there anywhere stated or even hinted at, either in the Gospels or the Epistles, a position or worldview that encourages or condones hiding, or treating ones’ surroundings with indifference, apathy or passivity?’ Unless you have a different Bible from mine, we have arrived at the same answer—No, there is no such position or worldview taught. So then, what does the NT teach as to the believers relationship with the world in which they live?
We need only look as far as the Sermon on the Mount to find the answer:
“You are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hidden. Nor do people light a lamp and put it under a basket, but on a stand, and it gives light to all in the house.
In the same way, let your light shine before others, so that they may see your good works and give glory to your Father who is in heaven. (Matthew 5:13-16 ESV)
The great evangelical luminary, John Stott, offers the following commentary on the above passages and how they inform the Christian worldview and the responsibility of each Christian who holds to what the NT affirms:
In both these metaphors of the salt and the light, Jesus teaches about the responsibility of Christians in a non-Christian, or sub-Christian, or post-Christian society. He emphasizes the difference between Christians and non-Christians, between the church and the world, and he emphasizes the influences Christians ought to have on the non-Christian environment. The distinction between the two is clear. The world, he says, is like rotting meat. But you are to be the world’s salt. The world is like a dark night, but you are to be the world’s light. This is the fundamental difference between the Christian and the non-Christian, the church and the world.
By modest estimate, more than a quarter of the entire population of the United States have professed an evangelical conversion experience. William Iverson wryly observes that, “A pound of meat would surely be affected by a quarter pound of salt. If this is real Christianity, the ‘salt of the earth,’ where is the effect of which Jesus spoke?”
Then he goes on from the distinction to the influence. Like salt in putrefying meat, Christians are to hinder social decay. Like light in the prevailing darkness, Christians are to illumine society and show it a better way. It’s very important to grasp these two stages in the teaching of Jesus. Most Christians accept that there is a distinction between the Christian and the non-Christian, between the church and the world. God’s new society, the church, is as different from the old society as salt from rotting meat and as light from darkness.
But there are too many people who stop there; too many people whose whole preoccupation is with survival—that is, maintaining the distinction. The salt must retain its saltiness, they say. It must not become contaminated. The light must retain its brightness. It must not be smothered by the darkness. That is true. But that is merely survival. Salt and light are not just a bit different from their environment. They are to have a powerful influence on their environment. The salt is to be rubbed into the meat in order to stop the rot. The light is to shine into the darkness. It is to be set upon a lamp stand, and it is to give light to the environment. That is an influence on the environment quite different from mere survival.”
If we are to be the ‘salt and the light’ that we as professing Christians are called to be, we must be the influence that ‘salt and light’ have on their surroundings, which is a profound one and not a passive or nominal one. So how do we make the transition from survival to influence? Where do we start?
The first step is to identify the obstacles, or different ‘sands’ that may be standing in the way of getting our ‘head in the game,’ and then taking action in removing them. (The following is a brief summary of each of the obstacles to apologetic engagement which I’ll cover more fully in upcoming parts of this series.)
1. Simply unaware (aka clueless)—If you have not been aware of Christian apologetics, or have simply heard about it in passing but with no explanation as to what it is, and how it benefits the believer, both in their personal walk with the Lord, as well as equips them to be an effective, courageous, bold and ‘ready’ witness to others, I am not surprised. Sad to say, many churches, and youth leaders, have a certain bias against apologetics and as such, do not promote them within their congregations. I too went for years without such an awareness, and looking back from my current point of reference, the lack of this unmined wealth of evangelistic tools is a profound regret. I certainly would have been much more effective had the Holy Spirit had these apologetic tools to work with. But as Paul said, “…but one thing I do: forgetting what lies behind and straining forward to what lies ahead, I press on toward the goal for the prize of the upward call of God in Christ Jesus. (Philippians 3:13-14 ESV) So let’s get on with the race—no time to look back now, only to what is ahead.
2. Lack of confidence (aka lack of knowledge and humility) Christ’s ambassadors need the basic knowledge necessary for the task of being an apologist. They must know the central message of God’s kingdom and something about how to respond to the obstacles they’ll encounter on their diplomatic mission. We live in an era of history in which the “embarrassment of riches” are indeed embarrassing, or to put it another way, we have so much in the way of apologetic resources, that we are literally overwhelmed with the vast riches that will enable and prepare us to meet the intellectual and evangelistic challenges of our day. So why are we lacking in confidence in promoting the Christian worldview? Two reasons—lack of study time (aka hard work) and a lack of humility.
J. Warner Wallace is to the point in his assessment of this problem, “But if you want to be prepared to defend the truth, you’ll need to work hard and do whatever it takes to succeed. This may sound daunting, but I’m not asking you to do something you don’t already do. I bet there’s some aspect of your life where you are willing to invest time and energy for a much less important cause. How many hours a week do you spend catching up on our favorite television dramas? How much time do you spend watching sports, or reading about your favorite hobby? Few of us are so busy we have absolutely no time to spend studying what we believe about God. It’s really all a matter of priorities. Most of us are willing to spend time on the things that interest us most. Are our metaphysical beliefs about the existence of God important enough for us to invest the time necessary to become successful case makers? I’ve often described the impact of C. S. Lewis’ words when I first read the following: “Christianity is a statement which, if false, is of no importance, and, if true, is of infinite importance. The one thing it cannot be is moderately important.” (C.S. Lewis, from God in the Dock) Nothing could be truer. If Christianity is an accurate description of reality, it ought to inspire us to commit our time and effort. It ought to cause us to do whatever necessary to become the best Christian case makers possible.” (For full article, The Reason Why Few Christians Are Willing to Be Christian Case Makers, here)
3. Indifference—(aka ‘lukewarm’) Sad to say, there are too many Christians today who have not embraced Christ’s Great Commission ‘to go into all the world and preach the Gospel to every creature.’ (Mark 16:15; Matt. 28:18-20), and instead, are in a state of indifference which is nothing more than lukewarmness. This spiritual state is not something to be taken lightly. One only needs to turn to the letters to the churches in Revelation to hear the Lord’s word on this issue—“And to the angel of the church in Laodicea write: ‘The words of the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of God’s creation. “‘I know your works: you are neither cold nor hot. Would that you were either cold or hot! So, because you are lukewarm, and neither hot nor cold, I will spit you out of my mouth…I counsel you to buy from me gold refined by fire, so that you may be rich, and white garments so that you may clothe yourself and the shame of your nakedness may not be seen, and salve to anoint your eyes, so that you may see. Those whom I love, I reprove and discipline, so be zealous and repent. (Revelation 3:14-19 ESV) You can find no such lukewarmness in either Jesus or Paul’s teaching. Jesus said the following to all, (emphasis on ALL) “If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his cross daily and follow me. For whoever would save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for my sake will save it. For what does it profit a man if he gains the whole world and loses or forfeits himself? For whoever is ashamed of me and of my words, of him will the Son of Man be ashamed when he comes in his glory and the glory of the Father and of the holy angels…” (Luke 9:23-26 ESV) And Paul, “while…waiting for them at Athens, his spirit was provoked within him as he saw that the city was full of idols.” (Acts 17:16 ESV) What motivated Paul to address the people of Athens, both evangelistically and apologetically? In his own words, “for Christ’s love compels us…” (2 Cor. 5:14) If we really believe that, “for God so loved the world that he gave his only Son,” then we will go forth as Jesus and Paul went forth in being the ‘salt and light’ of the world via stirring ourselves up and shaking off the fog of indifference/lukewarmness.
4. Compromise (aka buying into religious pluralism) This particular obstacle, or ‘sand,’ is one that is so prevalent in today’s society that we are all effected by it in one way or another. Concisely put, societal pressure to compromise the uniqueness and truth of the Gospel message is rampant—as Jesus told us, “If you were of the world, the world would love you as its own; but because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, therefore the world hates you. (John 15:19 ESV) This is a challenge that every witness/apologist for Christ will meet with on a regular basis. I’ll use a couple of examples here to make the point. In addressing religious pluralism and the Great Commission, author Greg Koukl states, “Any informed Christian can immediately see the challenge religious pluralism presents for the Great Commission, the authority of Scripture, the uniqueness of Christ, etc. Clearly, those who follow Jesus and understand the New Testament teaching on the work of the cross—and also for those who take the first of the Ten Commandments in its plain and obvious sense—cannot make peace with pluralism no matter how politically incorrect it is to oppose it.”
5. Simple/childlike ‘faith’ (aka ‘the Bible says it, I believe it, that settles it’) I addressed this issue in the first part of this series, so I will offer only a very brief comment. This particular position would work well if Christianity was simply a personal worldview/belief, one that is experienced by the person and for the person. However, that is only one part of the Christian faith as Christ taught it. Within the Christian worldview there is an intrinsic thread that is woven throughout, and that is the responsibility of every Christian to proclaim the teachings of Christ to the world. It must be shown and shared with the world so what we as Christians know, will also be known by others. This is strongly connected to point #2—the only way to move from a simple, childlike and unreflective faith, is to bring our mind into the mix and do as Peter admonished, “…”preparing your minds for action…always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you, yet with gentleness and reverence…We are destroying speculations and every lofty thing raised up against the knowledge of God” (1 Peter 1:13; 1 Pet. 3:15; 2 Cor. 10:5) So you may be wondering, ‘where do I start in becoming a more effective witness for Christ?’ You can start with the following two points:
1. Pray—ask God to fill you with His Holy Spirit—if you have already received the baptism of the Holy Spirit, ask God for the ‘washing of regeneration, and the renewing of the Holy Spirit.’ (Titus 3:5)
2. Get your head ‘out of the sand’ and into the game—see point #2 above—study time is vital, there is no getting around it. One cannot ‘always be ready to give an answer to anyone who asks for the reason for the hope that is in you, doing so with gentleness and respect,’ if you do not know the reason(s) for the hope. (1 Peter 3:15) I would suggest that you begin with the following books, which if thoroughly studied, will equip any Spirit filled Christian with the essentials needed to be a Christian apologist, aka, a more effective witness for Christ.
- Tactics—Greg Koukl
- Conversational Evangelism—Norman Geisler
- Mere Apologetics—Alister E. McGrath
- On Guard—Defending Your Faith with Reason and Precision—William Lane Craig
- Christian Apologetics: A Comprehensive Case for Biblical Faith—Douglas Groothuis
- The Gospel in the Marketplace of Ideas—Paul Copan/Kenneth D. Litwak
- When God Goes to Starbucks—Paul Copan
- If God Made the Universe, Who Made God—130 Arguments for Christian Faith
(These books can all be found, either in the Store section of this site, or on Amazon.com)
If we pray and yield ourselves to God’s will, loving Him with all our ‘heart, soul and mind,’ He will make us what He needs us to be, His ‘salt and light.’ (Rom. 12:1-2; Matt. 22:37) In so doing we will then be able to say with Martin Luther, “If I profess with the loudest voice and clearest exposition every portion of the truth of God except precisely that little point which the world and the devil are at that moment attacking, I am not confessing Christ, however boldly I may be professing Christ. Where the battle rages, there the loyalty of the soldier is proved, and to be steady on all the battlefield besides, is mere flight and disgrace if he flinches at that point.”
Part 1, here…Part 3, coming soon…God willing.
For more apologetic resources, here
 John Stott, Four Ways Christians Can Influence the World, http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2011/october/saltlight.html?share=Rb%2bYxVxJD2BrGYJfuWppRbsl1A0JhLhO
 Greg Koukl, The Ambassador’s Guide to Pluralism, 2010, http://store.str.org/ProductDetails.asp?ProductCode=BK347